The Aesthetic Appreciation of Reality and Contemplation in Chinese Literature
In Chinese literature, much attention is paid to the aesthetic appreciation of reality and contemplation. Chinese authors are careful to the details and try to produce an objective view of the world. This is especially evident in the works of Lu Xun, Shishuo Xinyu and Wen Jiabao.
2. Aesthetic appreciation of reality in Chinese literature
The novels of Lu Xun, Shishuo Xinyu and Wen Jiabao are full of beautiful descriptions of the world and its phenomena. The authors try to reproduce the objective reality as accurately as possible. In particular, they emphasize the beauty of the surrounding nature and pay tribute to the simple happiness of people’s lives.
The prose of Lu Xun is notable for its lyrical quality. The author often uses metaphors and similes to convey the atmosphere of his works. For example, in the story “A Madman’s Diary”, he writes: “The moonlight was like silver cloth, and the dew was like pearls.” These comparisons help readers to understand the feelings and emotions of the characters.
The novels of Shishuo Xinyu are also remarkable for their dense atmosphere and descriptive power. In his work “Hospitality”, he writes: “The wind was blowing hard, and the dust was flying everywhere.” This vivid description allows readers to imagine the scene and feel the characters’ emotions.
Wen Jiabao’s prose is distinguished by its precision and clarity. The author does not use superfluous words, but at the same time manages to convey a lot of information about the characters and their environment. For example, in the novel “Guan Zhong”, he writes: “Guan Zhong was a man of medium build, with a round face and a square jaw.” This description allows readers to form a clear mental image of the protagonist.
3. Contemplation on the nature of things
In addition to aesthetic appreciation, Chinese literature also pays great attention to contemplation on the nature of things. Authors often use their works to discuss philosophical questions and express their own views on life.
For example, in his essay “On Literature”, Lu Xun wrote: “Life is brief, but art is long.” In these words, he expressed his belief that art is more important than life itself. This view is shared by many other Chinese authors. They believe that art can help people to understand themselves and the world around them better.
4. The pursuit of morality and self-justification
Many Chinese authors use their works to promote moral values and justify their own actions. They believe that it is necessary to follow the principles of Confucianism in order to live a good life. In particular, they emphasize such concepts as filial piety, loyalty, honesty and justice.
For example, in his novel “The Dream of Red Mansions”, Cao Xueqin wrote: “One should be filial to one’s parents, respect one’s elders, be kind to younger ones.” These words teach people to be respectful and considerate towards others. Similarly, in his work “Analects”, Confucius wrote: “A gentleman should not take revenge on those who have wronged him.” This statement promotes forgiveness and reconciliation among people.
In conclusion, it should be noted that Chinese literature attaches great importance to the aesthetic appreciation of reality and contemplation. Authors are careful to the details and try to produce an objective view of the world. In addition, they often use their works to discuss philosophical questions and express their own views on life. Finally, many of them use their writings to promote moral values and justify their own actions.
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