A Comparison of Locke’s and Aristotle’s Philosophy
1. Locke’s and Aristotle’s philosophy on the human mind:
Aristotle believes that the human mind is innately good while Locke believes that it is a tabula rasa.
2. Locke’s and Aristotle’s philosophy on reason:
Aristotle believes that humans should use reason in order to achieve the good life while Locke believes that humans should be free to follow their own reason.
3. Locke’s and Aristotle’s philosophy on individual:
Aristotle believes that the individual is subordinate to the state while Locke believes in the natural rights of the individual.
4. Locke’s and Aristotle’s philosophy on political:
Aristotle believes that legitimate governments are those which rule in the interest of the common good while Locke believes that people have a right to overthrow an illegitimate government.
5. Locke’s and Aristotle’s philosophy on natural rights:
Aristotlebelieves that natural rights are subordinate to the common good while Locke believes in the natural rights of life, liberty, and property.
6. Locke’s and Aristotle’s philosophy on education:
Aristotlebelieves that education should be in the interest of the state while Locke believes that people have a right to choose their own educational path.
7. Locke’s and Aristotle’s philosophy on religion:
Aristotlebelieves that religion is a private matter while Locke believed in separation of church and state. In conclusion, Locke’s and Aristotle’s philosophy differ at more instances than it agrees developing an argument between the two.
The main arguments between Aristotle and Locke are about the nature of reality, the role of government, and the purpose of education.
Their philosophies differ in that Aristotle believed that reality is objective and knowable, while Locke believed that reality is subjective and unknowable.
What influenced each philosopher's thinking was their respective backgrounds; Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who came from a tradition of rational thought, while Locke was an English empiricist who was influenced by the scientific revolution happening in his lifetime.
Their views on government differed in that Aristotle believed in a hierarchical society with a strong central government, while Locke believed in a society with more individual freedom and less centralized power.
Their thoughts on education also differed; for Aristotle, education should be used to mold citizens into good members of society who will uphold its values, while for Locke, education should be used to teach people how to think critically so that they can make their own decisions about what is best for them.
The debate between these two philosophers is still relevant today because it touches on some of the most fundamental questions about human nature and society: what is reality? what is the role of government? what should be the purpose of education?