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The Problem of Evil: Why Does Evil Exist?

2. The Problem of the Evil

There are two types of evil: moral and natural. Moral evil is caused by humans, while natural evil is caused by God.

a. Moral Evil

Moral evil is caused by humans. It is the result of humans making bad choices. Examples of moral evil include murder, theft, and lying.

b. Natural Evil

Natural evil is caused by God. It is the result of natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, and tornadoes.

3. Theodicy

Theodicy is a way to justify the existence of evil. There are two types of theodicy: defensive and offensive.

a. Defensive Theodicy

Defensive theodicy is when we try to justify the existence of evil by saying that it is necessary for some greater good. For example, we might say that natural disasters are necessary in order to keep the planet from becoming overpopulated.

b. Offensive Theodicy

Offensive theodicy is when we try to justify the existence of evil by saying that it is part of God’s plan. For example, we might say that natural disasters are part of God’s plan to test our faith.

4. Conclusion

Steward’s idea about evil is problematic. first, it is not clear why he thinks that moral evil is caused by humans and natural evil is caused by God. Second, his idea about theodicy is also unclear. It is not clear why he thinks that defensive theodicy is better than offensive theodicy.

FAQ

The problem of evil is the question of how to reconcile the existence of a good and loving God with the existence of evil and suffering in the world.

The problem of evil impacts our understanding of God because it calls into question His goodness and love. If He is truly good and loving, then why does He allow evil and suffering to exist?

We can never fully understand the nature of evil because it is ultimately a mystery. Evil exists, but we do not know why or how.

There is hope in spite of evil because we know that God is ultimately good and just. He will one day triumph over evil, and those who have suffered will be vindicated.

We should respond to evil in our world today by doing what we can to fight against it, while also remembering that ultimate victory belongs to God alone.

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