The Problem of Evil: Why Does Evil Exist?
2. The Problem of the Evil
There are two types of evil: moral and natural. Moral evil is caused by humans, while natural evil is caused by God.
a. Moral Evil
Moral evil is caused by humans. It is the result of humans making bad choices. Examples of moral evil include murder, theft, and lying.
b. Natural Evil
Natural evil is caused by God. It is the result of natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, and tornadoes.
Theodicy is a way to justify the existence of evil. There are two types of theodicy: defensive and offensive.
a. Defensive Theodicy
Defensive theodicy is when we try to justify the existence of evil by saying that it is necessary for some greater good. For example, we might say that natural disasters are necessary in order to keep the planet from becoming overpopulated.
b. Offensive Theodicy
Offensive theodicy is when we try to justify the existence of evil by saying that it is part of God’s plan. For example, we might say that natural disasters are part of God’s plan to test our faith.
Steward’s idea about evil is problematic. first, it is not clear why he thinks that moral evil is caused by humans and natural evil is caused by God. Second, his idea about theodicy is also unclear. It is not clear why he thinks that defensive theodicy is better than offensive theodicy.
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