📜 Philosophy Essay Examples and Topics

Philosophy: The Search for Meaning in the Universe

Philosophy is the study of the nature of existence, reality, and knowledge. It attempts to answer the big questions such as “Who am I?”, “What is the purpose of life?”, and “What is the nature of reality?” Philosophy is divided into five main branches: ethics, epistemology, metaphysics, political philosophy, and religion. Each branch addresses different questions and problems.

Foucault’s Analysis of Power and Sexuality

In this essay, I will discuss some of the key ideas from Foucault’s work on sexuality, and explore their implications for our understanding of personal identity. I will argue that Foucault’s analysis of the relationship between power and sexuality offers a new way of thinking about sexual identity and expression, and that his concept of the double conditioning of sexuality has important implications for our understanding of personal identity. Finally, I will discuss his concept of tactical polyvalence, and how it can be used to negotiate the competing demands of different discourses.

A Look into the Lives of Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and Robert Owen

This essay looks at what Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and Robert Owen would think of America, Albania, and Cuba if they could travel through time. It discusses how they would react to the different economic systems in place and the level of income inequality.

Rawls’ Theory of Justice as Fairness

Rawls’ theory of justice as fairness is a powerful and influential theory that has had a major impact on political philosophy, economics, and even legal theory. The theory is based on two key ideas: first, that there is a basic structure of society, and second, that justice is a matter of fairness. Rawls believes that there are two principles of justice that should govern the basic structure of society: the liberty principle and the difference principle. The difference principle has been criticized by many philosophers, but it remains an important part of Rawls’ theory.

Kantian Moral Theory: A Critique

In his “Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals”, Immanuel Kant assumes that the good will is good in itself and should not be evaluated from the perspective of results it brings. This means that people should do something because it is their duty and not because they hope to gain something from it. Kant believes that moral duty is something that comes from reason and not from emotions. Reason is what makes us human beings and it should guide our actions. The categorical imperative is the basis of Kant’s moral theory. It is an absolute command that applies to everyone in every situation. People should act in such a way that they can universalize their action, i.e. they should be able to will that everyone acts in the same way in similar circumstances.

Rene Descartes: A Brief Perspective

Rene Descartes is considered the father of modern western philosophy. He is also credited with developing analytic geometry, and his reflections on the rule of signs has led to the development of calculus. In this essay, we will explore a brief perspective of Descartes, his life, work, contributions, and effects on modern society.