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The Impact of Culture on College Level Students’ Learning Styles

1. Introduction

It is known that the teaching styles may be universal, however, they may be affected by the factors where the student is located since it is the culture that shapes the emotions. This paper will explore how college level students’ learning styles are impacted by cultural factors. In order to answer this question, we will look at David Kolb’s learning style theory as well as the seven different learning styles. Through this exploration, we will be able to see how cultural factors can play a role in how college level students learn.

2. Learning Styles in College Level Students

When it comes to learning styles in college level students, there are many different ways that students can learn. Each student has their own unique way of taking in information and processing it. Some students may be visual learners and prefer to see information in order to learn it. Others may be auditory learners and need to hear information in order to learn it. There are also kinesthetic learners who learn best by doing and tactile learners who need to touch or feel something in order to understand it. All of these different learning styles can be impacted by cultural factors.

3. David Kolb’s Learning Styles

David Kolb is a professor at Case Western Reserve University and he developed one of the most widely used learning style theories. This theory consists of four different stages: concrete experience, observation and reflection, formation of abstract concepts and generalization, and testing implications in new situations. Each of these stages can be affected by cultural factors. For example, concrete experience may be influenced by the culture in which the student is immersed. If a student is from a culture that values hands-on learning, they may be more likely to learn best through concrete experience. However, if a student is from a culture that values theoretical knowledge, they may be more likely to learn best through observation and reflection.

4. The Seven Learning Styles

There are seven different types of learning styles: convergers, divergers, asimilators, adopters, accommodators, reflectors, and active experimenters. Each type of learner has their own unique way of taking in information and processing it. Convergers tend to be logical and analytical thinkers who like to solve problems. They are often good at math and science and prefer to work alone. Divergers tend to be creative and intuitive thinkers who like to generate new ideas. They are often good at English and history and prefer to work in groups. Asimilators tend to be systematic and rational thinkers who like to organize information. They are often good at research and prefer to work alone. Adopters tend to be practical and down-to-earth thinkers who like to apply theory to real-world situations. They are often good at business and management and prefer to work in groups. Accommodators tend to be hands-on learners who like to experiement with new ideas. They are often good at creative arts or tradesman work such as carpentry or plumbing and prefer to work alone or with other people depending on the task at hand. Reflectors tend to be thoughtful and introspective thinkers who like to observe before taking action. They are often good at writing or critical thinking tasks such as philosophy or literary analysis and usually prefer working alone but can also enjoy working in groups depending on the activity. Active experimenters tend t o b e r i s k – t a k e r s w h o l i k e t o t r y n e w t h i n g s. T h e y a r e o f t e n good at sports or other physical activities and usually prefer to work in groups. However, they can also enjoy working alone depending on the task.

5. Convergers

Convergers are logical and analytical thinkers who like to solve problems. They are often good at math and science and prefer to work alone. In terms of learning, convergers prefer to learn through practical experience. They often like to work with their hands and figure things out for themselves. This type of learner is often found in cultures that value practical skills and knowledge. For example, in many indigenous cultures, there is a great emphasis on learning through doing. This is because these cultures value the skills and knowledge that can be gained through practical experience. In contrast, in Western cultures, there is often a greater emphasis on theoretical knowledge. This is because Western cultures often value the ability to think abstractly and critically. As a result, convergers from Western cultures may be more likely to learn best through observation and reflection than through concrete experience.

6. Divergers

Divergers are creative and intuitive thinkers who like to generate new ideas. They are often good at English and history and prefer to work in groups. In terms of learning, divergers often prefer to learn through discovery. They often like to explore new ideas and concepts and see how they can apply them in the real world. This type of learner is often found in cultures that value creativity and innovation. For example, in many Eastern cultures, there is a great emphasis on creativity and intuition. This is because these cultures value the ability to come up with new ideas and see the world in new ways. In contrast, in Western cultures, there is often a greater emphasis on logic and reason. This is because Western cultures often value the ability to think critically and analytically. As a result, divergers from Western cultures may be more likely to learn best through observation and reflection than through discovery.

7. Asimilators

Asimilators are systematic and rational thinkers who like to organize information. They are often good at research and prefer to work alone. In terms of learning, asimilators typically prefer to learn through conceptual understanding. They want to understand how things work and fit together conceptually. This type of learner is often found in cultures that value intellectual pursuits such as scholarship or research. For example, in many Asian cultures, there is a great emphasis on intellectual achievement. This is because these cultures value the ability to understand complex concepts and apply them in practical ways. In contrast, in Western cultures, there is often a greater emphasis on individual achievement. This is because Western cultures often value the ability to succeed independently without help from others. As a result, asimilators from Western cultures may be more likely to learn best through observation and reflection than through conceptual understanding.

8. Adopters

Adopters are practical and down-to-earth thinkers who like to apply theory to real-world situations. They are often good at business and management and prefer to work in groups. In terms of learning, adopters typically prefer to learn through application. They want to see how the things they are learning can be applied in the real world. This type of learner is often found in cultures that value practical skills and knowledge. For example, in many indigenous cultures, there is a great emphasis on learning through doing. This is because these cultures value the skills and knowledge that can be gained through practical experience. In contrast, in Western cultures, there is often a greater emphasis on theoretical knowledge. This is because Western cultures often value the ability to think abstractly and critically. As a result, adopters from Western cultures may be more likely to learn best through observation and reflection than through application.

9. Accommodators

Accommodators are hands-on learners who like to experiement with new ideas. They are often good at creative arts or tradesman work such as carpentry or plumbing and prefer to work alone or with other people depending on the task at hand. In terms of learning, accommodators typically prefer to learn through experience. They want to be able to try out new things and see how they work in the real world. This type of learner is often found in cultures that value practical skills and knowledge. For example, in many indigenous cultures, there is a great emphasis on learning through doing. This is because these cultures value the skills and knowledge that can be gained through practical experience. In contrast, in Western cultures, there is often a greater emphasis on theoretical knowledge. This is because Western cultures often value the ability to think abstractly and critically. As a result, accommodators from Western cultures may be more likely to learn best through observation and reflection than through experience.

10. Conclusion

In conclusion, cultural factors can play a role in how college level students learn. Each student has their own unique way of taking in information and processing it. Some students may be visual learners and prefer to see information in order to learn it. Others may be auditory learners and need to hear information in order to learn it. There are also kinesthetic learners who learn best by doing and tactile learners who need to touch or feel something in order to understand it. All of these different learning styles can be impacted by cultural factors.

FAQ

The different learning styles are visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and tactile. They impact students' ability to learn by affecting how they process information.

Cultural factors such as language, values, and beliefs can influence students' learning styles by affecting how they perceive and interpret information.

Teachers can use strategies such as flexible grouping, differentiated instruction, and culturally responsive teaching to accommodate different learning styles and cultural backgrounds in their classrooms.

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