📋 Philosophical Theories Essay Examples and Topics

Kantian Moral Theory: A Critique

In his “Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals”, Immanuel Kant assumes that the good will is good in itself and should not be evaluated from the perspective of results it brings. This means that people should do something because it is their duty and not because they hope to gain something from it. Kant believes that moral duty is something that comes from reason and not from emotions. Reason is what makes us human beings and it should guide our actions. The categorical imperative is the basis of Kant’s moral theory. It is an absolute command that applies to everyone in every situation. People should act in such a way that they can universalize their action, i.e. they should be able to will that everyone acts in the same way in similar circumstances.

The implications of global citizenship for justice

This essay discusses the concept of global citizenship and its implications for justice. It highlights the need for international cooperation to address global challenges and the importance of developing a global ethic. The essay also discusses the role of multinational corporations in promoting or obstructing international justice.

The Reality of the Present Moment

This essay discusses the different ways in which reality can be defined, and argues that the most adequate definition of reality is one that includes both physical and mental objects.

The Socratic Method: A Philosophical Tool for Examining Beliefs

The Socratic method is a philosophical method employed by Socrates in ancient Greece. It is also known as the elenchus, or Socratic debate. The Socratic method involves uncovering contradictions in someone’s beliefs by asking them questions about their beliefs. The goal of the Socratic method is to lead the person to realize that their beliefs are contradictory and, as a result, false.

The Three Main Branches of Philosophy

Philosophy is the study of the nature of reality, and its main branches are ontology or metaphysics (the study of existence), epistemology (the study of knowledge), and axiology (the study of value).

The History of Associationism and Its Impact on Psychology Today

Associationism is a theory that attempts to explain how different items combine in the human mind to produce thoughts, feelings, and emotions. The theory is named after the principle of association, which states that items that are often experienced together will become associated in the mind.

Empiricism: The Philosophical Stance That All of Our Knowledge Is Based on Experience

Empiricism is the philosophical stance that all of our knowledge is based on our experience. This means that everything we know about the world around us ultimately comes down to what we can observe and experience firsthand. Empiricism is a very strong form of skepticism, which helps to guard against both errors in our thinking, and also against prejudices and preconceptions that may distort our view of the world. There are, however, some potential drawbacks to empiricism, such as the fact that it can lead to a certain amount of closed-mindedness, or that our experiences may not always give us an accurate or complete picture of reality.

Theories of John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and John Rawls on the Political and Social Structure of Our Society

In this essay, I will discuss the theories of John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and John Rawls on the political and social structure of our society. I will critically analyse their arguments and how they differ from each other in some instances. I will also look at how each addresses a different aspect of the political and social structure of our society from a different perspective.

Physicalism: A Philosophical Approach

In this essay, I will explore physicalism as a philosophical approach. I will firstly explain what physicalism is and explore its origins. Secondly, I will discuss how physicalism has been used to explain the nature of reality by philosophers such as Aristotle and Kant. Finally, I will explore some of the criticisms of physicalism and conclude with my own thoughts on the matter.