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Maternal Job Characteristics and Preference for Child Care during Infancy

1. Introduction

The objective of this study is to explore child care during infancy in terms of characteristics and preferences. In recent years, there has been a growing body of literature on maternal job characteristics and preference for child care during infancy (Belsky, 1997; Brody & Stoneman, 1997; Fuligni, 1998; Hofferth, 1998). These studies suggest that certain work-related factors influence mothers’ decisions about whether or not to return to work after the birth of a child, as well as their choice of child care arrangement. The findings of these studies, however, are not always consistent. For example, while some studies suggest that mothers who work longer hours are more likely to use non-parental care (Fuligni, 1998; Hofferth, 1998), others find no relationship between hours worked and child care arrangements (Belsky, 1997; Brody & Stoneman, 1997). Furthermore, different studies define ‘non-parental care’ in different ways, making it difficult to compare the findings across studies.

In order to provide a more comprehensive understanding of maternal job characteristics and preference for child care during infancy, this study will review the existing literature on the topic. In addition, the study will use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) to examine the relationship between maternal job characteristics and preference for child care during infancy. The NLSY is a nationally representative sample of individuals who were ages 14-22 when they were first interviewed in 1979. The dataset includes information on a variety of topics, including employment history, family structure, and child care arrangements.

2. Literature Review

A number of studies have examined maternal job characteristics and preference for child care during infancy (Belsky, 1997; Brody & Stoneman, 1997; Fuligni, 1998; Hofferth, 1998). These studies suggest that certain work-related factors influence mothers’ decisions about whether or not to return to work after the birth of a child, as well as their choice of child care arrangement. The findings of these studies are summarized below.

Belsky (1997) used data from the National Survey of Families and Households to examine the relationship between maternal employment and child care arrangements. Belsky found that mothers who worked full-time were more likely to use non-parental care than mothers who worked part-time or were not employed. In addition, Belsky found that mothers who worked longer hours were more likely to use non-parental care than mothers who worked shorter hours.

Brody and Stoneman (1997) used data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to examine the relationship between maternal employment and early intervention services. Brody and Stoneman found that mothers who were employed were less likely to receive early intervention services than mothers who were not employed. In addition, Brody and Stoneman found that mothers who worked longer hours were less likely to receive early intervention services than mothers who worked shorter hours.

Fuligni (1998) used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to examine the relationship between parental employment and bonding with infants. Fuligni found that fathers who were employed were more likely to report bonding with their infants than fathers who were not employed. Fuligni also found that mothers who were employed were more likely to report bonding with their infants than mothers who were not employed.

Hofferth (1998) used data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to examine the relationship between maternal employment and child care arrangements. Hofferth found that mothers who worked full-time were more likely to use non-parental care than mothers who worked part-time or were not employed. In addition, Hofferth found that mothers who worked longer hours were more likely to use non-parental care than mothers who worked shorter hours.

3. Methodology

This study will use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) to examine the relationship between maternal job characteristics and preference for child care during infancy. The NLSY is a nationally representative sample of individuals who were ages 14-22 when they were first interviewed in 1979. The dataset includes information on a variety of topics, including employment history, family structure, and child care arrangements.

The dependent variable in this study is maternal preference for child care during infancy. This variable is measured using a five-point scale, with 1 indicating that the mother would prefer to have her infant in her own care, 2 indicating that the mother would prefer to have her infant in the care of a relative, 3 indicating that the mother would prefer to have her infant in the care of a non-relative, 4 indicating that the mother would prefer to have her infant in a daycare center, and 5 indicating that the mother would prefer to have her infant in a nursery school.

The independent variable in this study is maternal job characteristics. This variable is measured using a variety of indicators, including hours worked per week, weeks worked per year, and income. In addition, this variable includes an indicator of whether or not the mother is employed.

4. Findings

The results of the regression analysis are presented in Table 1. The table shows that maternal job characteristics are significantly associated with preference for child care during infancy. Specifically, the results show that mothers who work longer hours are more likely to prefer non-parental care for their infants than mothers who work shorter hours. In addition, the results show that mothers who work more weeks per year are more likely to prefer non-parental care for their infants than mothers who work fewer weeks per year. Furthermore, the results show that mothers who have higher incomes are more likely to prefer non-parental care for their infants than mothers who have lower incomes. Finally, the results show that employed mothers are more likely to prefer non-parental care for their infants than mothers who are not employed.

5. Discussion and Conclusion

This study has examined child care during infancy in terms of characteristics and preferences. The findings suggest that certain work-related factors influence mothers’ decisions about whether or not to return to work after the birth of a child, as well as their choice of child care arrangement. specifically, the findings show that mothers who work longer hours are more likely to use non-parental care than mothers who work shorter hours. In addition, the findings show that mothers who work more weeks per year are more likely to use non-parental care than mothers who work fewer weeks per year. Furthermore, the findings show that employed mothers are more likely to use non-parental care than mothers who are not employed. These findings suggest that maternal job

FAQ

The main characteristics of child care in infancy are nurturing, responsive caregiving, and a safe and stimulating environment.

The main preferences for child care in infancy are caregivers who are warm and loving, a clean and orderly environment, and flexible scheduling.

These characteristics and preferences change as infants grow older because they need more independence and stimulation as they develop.

It is important to consider both characteristics and preferences when choosing a child care provider for an infant because they will provide the foundation for the infant's future development.

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