The Fascist Style of Rule: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini
In his essay “The Fascist Style of Rule”, Alexander J. De Grand explores the period after the First World War when the European economies were in doldrums through to the onset of the Second World War. He discusses how the two main fascist dictators, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, came to power and what kind of style of rule they implemented in their countries.
2. Adolf Hitler and the Nazi regime in Germany
Adolf Hitler was a German politician who was the founder and leader of the Nazi Party. He rose to power as Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and then as Führer in 1934. During his time in power, Hitler implemented a totalitarian dictatorship in Germany and oversaw a massive expansion of the German military which led to Germany’s involvement in World War II.
Under Hitler’s rule, the Nazi regime carried out a range of human rights abuses including the mass murder of six million Jews in the Holocaust. Hitler’s style of rule was characterized by his aggressive rhetoric, his use of propaganda to control the population, and his willingness to use violence to achieve his goals.
3. Benito Mussolini and the fascist regime in Italy
Benito Mussolini was an Italian politician who was the founder and leader of the fascist party. He rose to power as Prime Minister of Italy in 1922 and then as dictator in 1925. During his time in power, Mussolini implemented a totalitarian dictatorship in Italy and oversaw a period of expansion for the Italian military.
Under Mussolini’s rule, the fascist regime committed a range of human rights abuses including violence against political opponents and the forced sterilization of disabled people. Mussolini’s style of rule was characterized by his aggressive rhetoric, his use of propaganda to control the population, and his willingness to use violence to achieve his goals.
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini were two major fascist dictators who came to power in Europe after the First World War. Both men implemented totalitarian regimes in their countries and oversaw periods of expansion for their militaries. Both men were also willing to commit human rights abuses in order to maintain power.
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