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The Tragedy of May 13th: The MOVE Bombing in Philadelphia

1. Introduction

In Philadelphia, a radical, activist, counterculture organization was formed called MOVE, short for “The Movement”. The organization’s philosophical leader, as well as the founder, was John Africa.
The MOVE organization’s beliefs were based on a number of deeply held convictions. They were convinced that technology was evil and that all forms of government were tyrannical and should be overthrown. They also believed in a number of conspiracy theories, such as the CIA being involved in mind control. In addition, they were convinced that the Earth was overpopulated and that humans were destroying the planet.
MOVE members lived communally in a compound in West Philadelphia. The compound was fortified with barbed wire and had a number of lookout posts. The members of MOVE were armed and they regularly engaged in paramilitary training.
The MOVE organization was involved in a number of highly publicized conflicts with the police. In 1978, there was a shoot-out between MOVE members and the police that left one officer dead and several others wounded. In 1985, there was another confrontation between MOVE and the police that resulted in the death of eleven people, including five children.
The events of May 13th, 1985 are often cited as an example of disproportionate law enforcement response. On that day, the police attempted to evict the MOVE compound using explosives and gunfire. The resulting fire destroyed more than 60 homes and killed 11 people, including five children.
In recent years, there has been increasing public scrutiny of the events of May 13th, 1985. There have been calls for a new investigation into the incident and for those responsible to be held accountable.

2. The origins of MOVE

MOVE was founded by John Africa in 1972. Africa was born Vincent Leaphart but changed his name to John Africa after he became involved with MOVE.
Africa had been involved in the Civil Rights Movement and he was deeply committed to social justice. He was also a member of the Black Panther Party.
After leaving the Black Panther Party, Africa became interested in environmentalism and he began to espouse views that were critical of technology and industrialization. He believed that humans were destroying the planet and that the Earth was overpopulated.
In 1972, Africa founded MOVE as a way to put his beliefs into action. The organization’s stated goal was “to promote life through knowledge and action”.

3. The Shoot-Out of 1978

On August 8th, 1978, the police attempted to serve warrants on two MOVE members who were wanted on charges of parole violations and failure to appear in court.
When the police arrived at the MOVE compound, they were met with gunfire from inside the fortress-like structure. The exchange of gunfire lasted for about 90 minutes before the police finally retreated.
One police officer was killed and nine others were wounded in the shootout. In addition, two firefighters were injured when they came under fire while trying to extinguish fires that had been started by MOVE members inside the compound.

4. The events of May 13th, 1985

On May 13th, 1985, the police attempted to evict MOVE from their compound using explosives and gunfire. The resulting fire destroyed more than 60 homes and killed 11 people, including five children who were trapped inside the burning building.
The events of May 13th, 1985 are often cited as an example of police brutality and disproportionality. The use of explosives and gunfire was widely seen as excessive and the resulting loss of life was viewed as unnecessary and tragic.
In the aftermath of the incident, a number of investigations were launched. The U.S. Attorney General’s office released a report that concluded that the actions of the police were “unjustified and unreasonable”.
The city of Philadelphia paid $1.5 million to settle a civil lawsuit that was filed by MOVE members who survived the fire.

5. The Aftermath

In the aftermath of the events of May 13th, 1985, there have been calls for a new investigation into the incident. There have also been calls for those responsible to be held accountable.
To date, no one has been held criminally responsible for the events of May 13th, 1985.

6. Conclusion

The events of May 13th, 1985 remain a topic of controversy and debate. There have been calls for a new investigation into the incident and for those responsible to be held accountable. However, to date, no one has been held criminally responsible for the events of that day.

FAQ

The move crisis in Philadelphia was caused by a lack of affordable housing.

The city responded to the crisis by creating a task force to study the issue and by providing financial assistance to families who were displaced.

The people most affected by the crisis were low-income families, who were often forced to move out of their homes and into shelters or other temporary housing.

Some of the long-term effects of the crisis included an increase in homelessness and a decrease in property values in neighborhoods that were affected by displacement.

The city could have prevented or better handled the situation by investing more resources into affordable housing initiatives before the crisis occurred.

Lessons that can be learned from Philadelphia's experience include the importance of investing in affordable housing and of having a plan in place to address displacement if it does occur.

Other cities can learn from Philadelphia's mistakes during its move crisis by being proactive about addressing affordability issues and by working to ensure that all residents have access to safe and stable housing options

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Free Essay Samples (August 17, 2022) The Tragedy of May 13th: The MOVE Bombing in Philadelphia. Retrieved from https://essayholic.com/the-tragedy-of-may-13th-the-move-bombing-in-philadelphia/.
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"The Tragedy of May 13th: The MOVE Bombing in Philadelphia." Free Essay Samples - Accessed August 17, 2022. https://essayholic.com/the-tragedy-of-may-13th-the-move-bombing-in-philadelphia/
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