The Theme of Free Will in the City of God by Saint Augustine
The book “City of God" by Saint Augustine is one of the most famous and respected religious texts. It is a symbol of Christianity and a popular source for the interpretation of the Bible. The book consists of 22 books, and the theme of free will is presented in the first ten books. In this essay, I will analyze the theme of free will in the book “City of God" by Saint Augustine. I will pay attention to the symbol of free will, the moral aspects of free will, and the interpretation of the Bible and free will.
2. The theme of free will in the book “City of God" by Saint Augustine
The first ten books of “City of God" are devoted to a discussion of free will. In these books, Augustine tries to prove that free will is necessary for a meaningful life and that it is an innate human quality. He also argues that free will is a Gift from God and that it should be used wisely.
The theme of free will is also present in the 11th book, where Augustine discusses the nature of evil. He argues that evil does not come from God, but from the abuse of free will. This abuse can be seen as a result of original sin, which is passed down from generation to generation.
In the 12th book, Augustine discusses the nature of time and eternity. He argues that time is created by God and that it is not eternal. This means that our life on Earth is finite and that we should use our time wisely. Eternity, on the other hand, is infinite and it is where we will spend our life after death.
3. The symbol of free will
The theme of free will is also present in the book “City of God" by Saint Augustine as a symbol. The symbol of free will is Attilius Regulus, who was a Roman general who was captured by the Carthaginians during the First Punic War. He was offered freedom if he would lead an army against Rome, but he refused and chose to die instead.
4. The moral aspects of free will
The moral aspects of free will are also present in the book “City of God" by Saint Augustine. In particular, he discussesthe concept of “right reason", which is based on Free Will as well as Natural Law. Right reason is necessary for a good life, both on Earth and in Heaven. Furthermore, right reason leads to happiness, while wrong reason leads to misery.
5. The interpretation of the Bible and the free will
The interpretation of the Bible and Free Will are also discussed in the book “City of God" by Saint Augustine. In particular, he interprets several stories from the Bible in light of Free Will. For example, he interprets the storyof Adam and Eve as a story about humans abusing their Free Will and suffering as a result. Similarly, he interpretsthe storyof Cain and Abel as a story about humans using their Free Will for evil instead of good.
In conclusion, the theme of free will ispresent in the book “City of God" by Saint Augustine both as a theological principle and as a symbol. The moral aspects of free will are also discussed in the book. Finally, the interpretation of the Bible is also discussed in light of free will.
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