The Role of Western Missionaries and International Observers in the Sudanese Genocide
The term genocide was first coined by Raphael Lemkin in 1944 in his book Axis Rule in Occupied Europe. It is defined as “the systematic and systematic extermination of a national, ethnic, racial or religious group”. The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide in 1948. Article 2 of the Convention defines genocide as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
-Killing members of the group;
-Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
-Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
-Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
-Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
The Genocide Convention entered into force on 12 January 1951. As of November 2019, there are 145 signatories and 170 parties to the treaty. The government of Sudan is not a signatory to the Genocide Convention.
Sudan is a country located in North Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, South Sudan to the south-west, Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia to the south, Eritrea and Djibouti to the east. Sudan has an area ofomTribalism 882000 mi2 and a population of over 40 million people. The majority of Sudanese are Arabs (70%), while the rest are Africans (30%). The African population is further divided into dozens of ethnic groups, including Fur, Zaghawa, Nubians, Beja and Copts. The largest city and capital of Sudan is Khartoum. Other major cities include Omdurman, Port Sudan and Nyala.
The official languages of Sudan are Arabic and English. Arabic is spoken by 70% of the population, while English is spoken by 30%. Sudanese Sign Language is also used by some deaf people.
The majority religion in Sudan is Islam (70%), while Christianity (30%) is also practiced by some Sudanese. There are also small minorities of other religions, such as Judaism and Bahá’í Faith.
The Republic of Sudan was established in 1956 after gaining independence from Egypt and Britain. Since independence, Sudan has been plagued by civil war and internal conflict. In recent years, these conflicts have escalated into large-scale violence and human rights violations, resulting in widespread death and destruction across Sudan. One such conflict is the current genocide taking place in Darfur region…
2. The true cause of the Sudanese genocide in Darfur region
The true cause of Sudanese recent genocide in Darfur region is the same as were the causes for other genocides, which have taken place in Africa. The main contributing factor to all these genocides has been, and continues to be, overpopulation.
The population of Sudan is growing at an alarming rate. It is estimated that the population will double in size by 2040. This rapid population growth is putting a strain on the country’s resources, which are already limited. This has led to competition and conflict over land and other resources, such as water.
The Darfur region is one of the most populous areas in Sudan. It is also one of the poorest and most underdeveloped regions in the country. The majority of the population in Darfur are Black African farmers. They have traditionally been marginalized and excluded from power by the Arab-dominated government of Sudan.
Over the past few years, the Black African farmers have been increasingly displaced from their land by Arab nomads. The Arabs have been moving into Darfur in large numbers, due to overpopulation in their own regions. This has led to conflict between the two groups over land and resources.
The conflict intensified in 2003 when two Black African rebel groups took up arms against the Sudanese government. They accused the government of discriminating against Black Africans and not doing enough to protect them from Arab aggression.
In response, the Sudanese government began a campaign of genocide against the Black African population of Darfur. They have used mass murder, rape, and arson to drive the Black Africans out of their homes and land. Over two million people have been displaced, and thousands have been killed.
3. The role of Western missionaries in the Sudanese genocide
The role of Western missionaries in the Sudanese genocide has been both positive and negative. On the one hand, they have provided much needed aid and assistance to the victims of the violence. On the other hand, their presence has also been used as a justification for the violence by the Sudanese government.
The first Western missionaries to arrive in Sudan were British Christians who came in 1877. They were followed by American Baptist missionaries in 1882. The missionaries set up schools, hospitals and churches across Sudan. They also began conversion efforts among the Muslim population.
The missionaries were relatively successful in their work. By the early 1900s, there were about 50,000 Christians in Sudan, most of whom were converts from Islam.
However, not everyone was happy with the work of the missionaries. The Muslim community saw them as a threat to their way of life and began to oppose them. In some cases, this opposition turned violent and resulted in attacks on missionaries and their property.
The British government initially responded to these attacks by sending troops to protect the missionaries. However, they eventually withdrew their support for the missionaries due to pressure from Muslim leaders. As a result, many missionary organizations were forced to leave Sudan.
In recent years, some Western missionaries have returned to Sudan, particularly to Darfur region. They have been providing aid and assistance to victims of the violence there. However, their presence has also been used as a justification for the violence by the Sudanese government…
4. role international observers: AMISOM
The role of international observers in the Sudanese genocide has been both positive and negative. On the one hand, they have helped to bring attention to the crisis and put pressure on the Sudanese government to end the violence. On the other hand, their presence has also been used as a justification for the violence by the Sudanese government.
The first international observers to arrive in Sudan were from the African Union (AU). They were sent in 2004 to monitor the situation in Darfur region. The AU observer mission, known as AMISOM, was later expanded to include observers from other countries, including the United States, France and China.
AMISOM’s mandate was to provide protection for civilians and promote a ceasefire between the warring parties. However, they were not authorized to use force to protect civilians or stop the violence.
In 2007, the UN Security Council authorized the deployment of a peacekeeping force to Darfur region. This force, known as UNAMID, was made up of troops from several countries, including Sudan. UNAMID’s mandate was similar to that of AMISOM…
The current genocide in Sudan’s Darfur region is just the latest in a long line of atrocities that have been carried out in Africa. The true cause of this genocide, as well as all the other genocides that have taken place in Africa, is overpopulation. The continent simply does not have enough resources to support its rapidly growing population. This has led to competition and conflict over land and other resources, which has in turn led to large-scale violence and human rights violations.
Western missionaries have played both a positive and negative role in the Sudanese genocide. They have provided much needed aid and assistance to the victims of the violence, but their presence has also been used as a justification for the violence by the Sudanese government.
International observers have also had both a positive and negative impact on the situation. They have helped to bring attention to the crisis and put pressure on the Sudanese government to end the violence, but their presence has also been used as a justification for the violence by the Sudanese government.
The only way to prevent future genocides in Africa is to address the issue of overpopulation. This can be done through a variety of means, including family planning programs, economic development and education. Only by addressing the root cause of the problem will we be able to put an end to the cycle of violence and atrocity that has plagued Africa for so long.
Cite this assignment
More Related papers
- Ethical Issues in International Software Development and Possible Solutions
- The Many Benefits of Educational Information Systems (EIS)
- The Impact of Digitalization on the News Media
- "Touch of Evil": A Masterful Thriller Directed by Orson Welles
- The Real Transformers: The Current State of Robotics Research