The Relationship Between Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function
Human activities are directly related to the development of balance in the ecosystem. This triggered research to identify the relationship between these two. The study found out that there is a close relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function. The paper further states that human activities are the primary driver of biodiversity loss.
– A. Population diversity
The first step in studying biodiversity is to understand population diversity. Population diversity is the variation in genetic traits within a species. This can be caused by natural selection or random drift. Natural selection is a process where certain traits become more common in a population over time because they help individuals survive and reproduce. Random drift is a process where traits become more common by chance.
– B. Ecosystem diversity
Ecosystem diversity is the variety of habitats, plants, animals, and microorganisms in an area. This can be measured by the number of different species in an area, the number of different habitats, or the amount of habitat variation.
– i. Prerequisites for ecosystem diversity
There are several things that are necessary for ecosystem diversity. First, there must be a variety of habitats for different species to live in. Second, there must be a variety of plant and animal species present. Third, there must be a variety of microorganisms present. Fourth, there must be a variety of environmental conditions, such as temperature and precipitation levels.
– ii The role of biodiversity in ecosystem functioning
Biodiversity plays a vital role in ecosystem functioning. It helps ecosystems resist and recover from disturbance, provides food and shelter for wildlife, and helps regulate climate and water cycles. Biodiversity also helps ecosystems provide other services, such as pollination and seed dispersal.
In conclusion, biodiversity is essential for the proper functioning of ecosystems. Human activities are the primary driver of biodiversity loss. This loss of biodiversity can have negative consequences for the ecosystem, including a decrease in its ability to resist and recover from disturbance, a decrease in the amount of food and shelter available for wildlife, and a disruption of climate and water cycles.