Loading...

The Problem of Famine in Ethiopia: A Complex Issue with Many Contributing Factors

1. Introduction:

Robert D. Kaplan’s book Surrender or Starve: Travels in Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, and Eritrea is an account of the author’s experiences in the Horn of Africa during the 1980s. The book provides a detailed and harrowing portrayal of the problem of famine in Ethiopia, as well as in other parts of the region. This paper will seek to analyze the problem of famine in Ethiopia as seen in Kaplan’s book. In particular, it will examine the political, aid distribution, agricultural, and historical contexts of famine in Ethiopia. It will also consider the environmental factors that contribute to the problem of famine in Ethiopia.

2. Kaplan’s Portrayal of the Problem of Famine in Ethiopia:

Kaplan provides a vivid and harrowing account of the problem of famine in Ethiopia. He describes how he witnessed “entire families… slowly starving to death” (Kaplan, 1984, p. 43). He also describes how he saw “children with swollen bellies and flies crawling all over their faces” (Kaplan, 1984, p. 43). Kaplan’s account makes it clear that the problem of famine in Ethiopia is a very serious one.

3. The Political Context of Famine in Ethiopia:

One of the major factors that contributes to the problem of famine in Ethiopia is the country’s political context. Ethiopia is a highly centralized state with a very authoritarian government (Desplat, 2005). This type of government is not conducive to effective food production or distribution. Additionally, Ethiopia has experienced a number of internal conflicts which have disrupted food production and distribution (Desplat, 2005). These factors have contributed to the problem of famine in Ethiopia.

4. The Aid Distribution Context of Famine in Ethiopia:

Another factor that contributes to the problem of famine in Ethiopia is the aid distribution context. During times of famine, international aid organizations often provide assistance to those affected by the disaster. However, due to the centralized nature of the Ethiopian government, much of this aid is funneled through the government and does not reach those who need it most (Desplat, 2005). This has been a major contributing factor to the problem of famine in Ethiopia.

5. The Agricultural Context of Famine in Ethiopia:

Another factor that contributes to the problem of famine in Ethiopia is the country’s agricultural context. One-third ofEthiopia’s population is engaged in agriculture (Desplat, 2005). However, due to a variety of factors including drought, soil erosion, and poor farming practices, agricultural production in Ethiopia is very low (Desplat, 2005). This contributes to the problem of famine in Ethiopia.

6. The Historical Context of Famine in Ethiopia:

Another factor that contributes to the problem of famine in Ethiopia is the country’s historical context. Ethiopia has a long history of famine (Desplat, 2005). This is due in part to the fact that the country has frequently been invaded and disrupted by outside forces. Additionally, Ethiopia has often been plagued by drought and other natural disasters (Desplat, 2005). These factors have contributed to the problem of famine in Ethiopia.

7. The Environmental Context of Famine in Ethiopia:

Another factor that contributes to the problem of famine in Ethiopia is the country’s environmental context. Ethiopia is located in a region of Africa that is particularly susceptible to drought (Desplat, 2005). Additionally, the Ethiopian government has not done enough to address the problem of deforestation (Desplat, 2005). These environmental factors have contributed to the problem of famine in Ethiopia.

8. Conclusion:

The problem of famine in Ethiopia is a complex one that cannot be blamed on any one single factor. However, the political, aid distribution, agricultural, historical, and environmental contexts discussed above all contribute to the problem. If these factors are not addressed, the problem of famine in Ethiopia is likely to continue.

FAQ

The main causes of hunger in Ethiopia are widespread poverty, droughts, and food shortages.

Hunger affects the lives of Ethiopians by causing widespread malnutrition and health problems. It also makes it difficult for people to earn a living and support their families.

The government's efforts to address hunger in Ethiopia include providing emergency food assistance, supporting agricultural development, and improving access to education and health care.

International organizations that help reduce hunger in Ethiopia include the World Food Programme, UNICEF, and the World Health Organization.

Ordinary citizens can help reduce hunger in Ethiopia by donating money or time to charitable organizations working on this issue, or by raising awareness about the problem of hunger in Ethiopia.

Cite this assignment

Free Essay Samples (November 29, 2022) The Problem of Famine in Ethiopia: A Complex Issue with Many Contributing Factors. Retrieved from https://essayholic.com/the-problem-of-famine-in-ethiopia-a-complex-issue-with-many-contributing-factors/.
"The Problem of Famine in Ethiopia: A Complex Issue with Many Contributing Factors." Free Essay Samples - November 29, 2022, https://essayholic.com/the-problem-of-famine-in-ethiopia-a-complex-issue-with-many-contributing-factors/
Free Essay Samples January 24, 2022 The Problem of Famine in Ethiopia: A Complex Issue with Many Contributing Factors., viewed November 29, 2022,<https://essayholic.com/the-problem-of-famine-in-ethiopia-a-complex-issue-with-many-contributing-factors/>
Free Essay Samples - The Problem of Famine in Ethiopia: A Complex Issue with Many Contributing Factors. [Internet]. [Accessed November 29, 2022]. Available from: https://essayholic.com/the-problem-of-famine-in-ethiopia-a-complex-issue-with-many-contributing-factors/
"The Problem of Famine in Ethiopia: A Complex Issue with Many Contributing Factors." Free Essay Samples - Accessed November 29, 2022. https://essayholic.com/the-problem-of-famine-in-ethiopia-a-complex-issue-with-many-contributing-factors/
"The Problem of Famine in Ethiopia: A Complex Issue with Many Contributing Factors." Free Essay Samples [Online]. Available: https://essayholic.com/the-problem-of-famine-in-ethiopia-a-complex-issue-with-many-contributing-factors/. [Accessed: November 29, 2022]

More Related papers

Top