The Negative Impact of Laws, Policies and Reforms on Minority Groups in the USA
4. Analysis and Discussion
In this section, the findings of the research will be discussed in relation to the goals of the research, which were to determine how laws, policies and reforms have contributed to race and class biased outcomes. The data collected indicates that there are a number of ways in which laws, policies and reforms have had a negative impact on minority groups in the USA.
One of the most significant ways in which laws, policies and reforms have contributed to race and class biased outcomes is through the use of private prisons. African Americans have been disproportionately incarcerated in the USA since the 1970s (Mauer, 2006). The prison population increased dramatically during the 1980s and 1990s due to an increase in drug-related offences and longer sentencing periods (Mauer, 2006). This resulted in a boom in the private prison industry as companies saw an opportunity to make profits from incarcerating people.
African Americans are more likely to be incarcerated than whites for drug-related offences, even though they use drugs at similar rates (Mauer, 2006). The War on Drugs was launched by President Reagan in 1982 and it was clear from the outset that it would target minority communities (Mauer, 2006). The War on Drugs resulted in harsher penalties for drug offences and an increase in stop-and-search practices by police, which disproportionately targeted African Americans (Mauer, 2006).
The use of private prisons has had a number of negative consequences for African Americans. Firstly, it has led to an increase in racial discrimination in the criminal justice system. Private prisons have an incentive to keep their beds full, which means that they are more likely to target African Americans for arrest and incarceration (Mauer, 2006). Secondly, private prisons are often more violent and dangerous than public prisons (Mauer, 2006). This is because they are run for profit rather than for the welfare of inmates. Inmates in private prisons are more likely to be abused by staff and to be put in solitary confinement (Mauer, 2006). Finally, private prisons often do not provide adequate healthcare or education for inmates (Mauer, 2006). This is because companies are more interested in making profits than in providing rehabilitation for inmates.
The use of private prisons has had a negative impact on African American communities. It has led to increased discrimination and violence against African Americans by the criminal justice system. It has also deprived African American communities of resources that could be used to rehabilitate offenders and reduce crime rates.
In conclusion, this research has found that laws, policies and reforms have had a number of negative impacts on minority groups in the USA. The use of private prisons has led to increased discrimination against African Americans by the criminal justice system. It has also deprived African American communities of resources that could be used to rehabilitate offenders and reduce crime rates. The War on Drugs has had a disproportionate impact on African American communities, resulting in increased incarceration rates without reducing drug use. Finally, affirmative action programs have often been ineffective at achieving their goals due to resistance from white people.
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