The Involvement of the French, Americans, and Chinese in Vietnam
The purpose of this research paper is to discuss the involvement of the French, Americans, and Chinese in Vietnam during the period of 1945-1991. The focus will be on how these countries contributed to the independence and development of Vietnam.
2. The Involvement of the French in Vietnam
France was one of the first Western countries to establish relations with Vietnam. Trade between the two countries began as early as the 17th century. In 1887, France became the first Western power to colonize Vietnam when it established a protectorate over the country.
During World War II, Japan occupied Vietnam and ousted the French colonial government. In 1945, Ho Chi Minh, a Vietnamese nationalist leader, declared Vietnam’s independence from France. However, France soon reasserted its control over Vietnam and fought a war against Ho Chi Minh’s nationalists from 1946 to 1954. The war ended with the French defeat at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. As a result, Vietnam was divided into North and South Vietnam, withHo Chi Minh’s communists ruling the north and a pro-Western government in the south.
The divide between North and South Vietnam led to another war, known as the Vietnam War or the Second Indochina War, which began in 1955 and lasted until 1975. During this war, both France and America supported South Vietnam against North Vietnam and its communist allies, known as the Viet Cong. In 1973, America signed a peace treaty with North Vietnam, which resulted in the withdrawal of American troops from South Vietnam. Two years later, North Vietnamese forces captured Saigon (now called Ho Chi Minh City), reuniting North and South Vietnam under communist rule.
3. The Involvement of the Americans in Vietnam
America’s involvement in Vietnam began in 1950 when President Harry Truman started providing military aid to South Vietnam to help them resist communist aggression from North Vietnam. In 1954, America replaced France as the main Western power supporting South Vietnamese forces against North Vietnamese ones.
American involvement in the war increased steadily throughout the 1960s. In 1965, American troops were sent to fight in South Vietnam. By 1969, there were over half a million American troops in South Vietnam. However, American involvement in the war began to decrease after 1973 when peace talks between America and North Vietnamese representatives resulted in a peace treaty that signaled the withdrawal of American troops from South Vietnam.
4. The Involvement of the Chinese in Vietnam
China has had a long history of relations with Vietnam dating back to ancient times when China was one of the first countries to recognize Vietnamese statehood. In more recent times, China has been a key ally of North Vietnam during both Indochina Wars (the First Indochina War and the Second Indochina War).
During the First Indochina War (1946-1954), China provided military aid to North Vietnamese forces fighting against French colonial rule. After the war ended with French defeat at Dien Bien Phu, China continued to support North Vietnamese forces during the Second Indochina War (1955-1975).
In conclusion, all three countries played an important role in shaping modern day Vietnam through their involvement in various conflicts throughout history including both Indochina
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