The Impact of Gender on Sports and Tourism
The purpose of this essay is to explore the impact that gender has on sports and tourism. In particular, it will focus on the underrepresentation of women in both industries and the ways in which this can negatively impact their ability to progress. It will also consider how gender stereotypes and discrimination can limit women’s participation in both sports and tourism.
2. The underrepresentation of women in sport
There is a significant gender imbalance in sport, with men often being greatly overrepresented in comparison to women. This is true across all levels of sport, from elite professional athletes to those who participate in recreational activities. The underrepresentation of women in sport is a result of a number of factors, including discrimination, stereotyping and a lack of opportunities.
One of the main reasons why women are underrepresented in sport is because of discrimination. This can take a number of forms, such as direct discrimination, which is when people are treated less favourably because of their gender. For example, women may be denied access to certain facilities or opportunities because they are seen as being weaker or less capable than men. Indirect discrimination is also common in sport and can occur when there are rules or practices that appear to be neutral but have a disproportionately negative impact on women. An example of this would be if a sporting club only allows members who are able to commit to training sessions that take place early in the morning or late at night, as this would make it difficult for many working mothers to participate.
Gender stereotypes also play a role in the underrepresentation of women in sport. Women are often seen as being less athletic and capable than men, which can discourage them from participating in sports or pursuing careers in coaching or other leadership roles. These stereotypes are perpetuated by the media, which often focuses on male athletes while paying little attention to women’s sporting achievements. This can create a self-fulfilling prophecy, as girls and young women may believe that they are not good enough to take part in sport or be successful if they do, so they may never give it a try.
A lack of opportunities is another factor that contributes to the underrepresentation of women in sport. This includes both a lack of participation opportunities and a lack of opportunities for progression into leadership roles. Many sports clubs and organisations are still dominated by men and do not provide an inclusive environment for women. This can make it difficult for women to progress their careers in sport or even just to find somewhere that they feel comfortable participating in recreational activities.
3. The underrepresentation of women in tourism
As well as being underrepresented in sport, women are also significantly underrepresented in tourism. Although the tourism industry employs a large number of women, they are often concentrated in lower-paid and lower-skilled positions such as cleaning and catering (UNWTO, 2018). Women are also vastly outnumbered by men in senior management positions within the tourism industry (World Travel & Tourism Council [WTTC], 2015).
There are a number of reasons why women are underrepresented in tourism. One of the main reasons is discrimination, both direct and indirect. For example, many hotels have policies that discriminate against pregnant employees or those with young children (Hospitality & Tourism Association [HATA], 2008). This can make it difficult for mothers to pursue careers in tourism. Indirect discrimination can also occur in the form of dress codes that require women to wear revealing or sexually-provocative clothing, such as tight skirts or low-cut tops. This can create a hostile working environment for women and make it difficult for them to be taken seriously as professional employees.
Gender stereotypes are also common in tourism and can limit women’s opportunities for progression. For example, women are often seen as being better suited to customer-facing roles such as waitressing or cleaning, while men are seen as being more capable of leading tours or working in management positions. This can make it difficult for women to progress their careers in tourism and may lead to them being paid less than men for doing the same job.
A lack of flexible working arrangements is another barrier that prevents many women from pursuing careers in tourism. The nature of the tourism industry means that it is often necessary to work unsociable hours, including evenings and weekends. This can make it difficult for women with caring responsibilities to maintain a successful career in tourism.
4. The impact of gender on sports and tourism
The underrepresentation of women in both sports and tourism can have a number of negative impacts. One of the main impacts is that it can limit women’s opportunities to progress their careers and achieve their full potential. Women who are underrepresented in an industry are less likely to be able to progress to senior positions or to be paid equally for doing the same job as men. They may also find it more difficult to gain recognition for their achievements or to be taken seriously as professionals.
The underrepresentation of women in sport and tourism can also have a negative impact on society as a whole. This is because sport and tourism are two industries that are extremely important for promoting physical activity, healthy lifestyles and social cohesion. If women are excluded from these industries, it can lead to them being less active and healthy, which can have a knock-on effect on society as a whole. In addition, the underrepresentation of women in leadership positions within sport and tourism can contribute to gender inequality more broadly.
In conclusion, gender has a significant impact on sports and tourism. The underrepresentation of women in both industries can limit their opportunities to progress their careers and achieve their full potential. It can also have a negative impact on society as a whole by contributing to gender inequality and preventing women from being active and healthy members of the community.
Cite this assignment
More Related papers
- Benjamin Franklin and Jonathan Edwards: Two Approaches to American Identity
- The Hero and the Villain: A Look at the Ambiguous Nature of Characters in Literature
- Children as a Public Good: Why We Should See Children as a Benefit to Society
- Factors to Consider for Successful Innovation Adoption in Healthcare
- The Evolution of the Film Score