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The Four Main Components of Ethics in Human Subjects Research

1. Introduction

The purpose of this research paper is to focus on the two major components of ethics in human subjects researches. These two components are: compensation and medical attention. The focus will be on how these two important factors play a role in the ethical treatment of human subjects in research. In addition, the paper will also discuss the importance of participant confidentiality and the null hypothesis in human subjects research.

1. 2 Components of Ethics in Researching Human Subjects

There are four main components of ethics in researching human subjects. These four components are: compensation, medical attention, participant confidentiality, and the null hypothesis.

1. 2.1 Compensation

One of the most important ethical considerations in human subjects research is compensation. This is because human subjects often suffer from physical or psychological pain as a result of participating in research. As such, it is important that they are compensated for their participation. Compensation can take many forms, including monetary compensation, free medical care, or even just a thank you letter from the researcher.

1. 2.2 Medical Attention

Another important ethical consideration in human subjects research is medical attention. This is because human subjects may suffer from physical or psychological injuries as a result of participating in research. As such, it is important that they have access to medical care if they need it. Medical care can take many forms, including free medical care, access to mental health services, or even just a phone call from the researcher to check on the subject’s welfare.

1. 2.3 Participant Confidentiality

Another important ethical consideration in human subjects research is participant confidentiality. This is because human subjects may be reluctant to participate in research if they feel that their personal information will be made public. As such, it is important that researchers keep the personal information of their subjects confidential. Confidentiality can be maintained in many ways, including through the use of pseudonyms, by not recording identifying information, or by destroying personal information after the research has been completed.

1. 2.4 Null Hypothesis

Another important ethical consideration in human subjects research is the null hypothesis. This is because the null hypothesis states that there is no difference between the groups being studied (e.g., control and treatment groups). As such, it is important that researchers do not manipulate their data to try and disprove the null hypothesis. Data manipulation can take many forms, including changing the data collected, cherry-picking data that supports the researcher’s hypothesis, or even conducting multiple statistical tests until a significant result is found (a practice known as “p-hacking”).

1. 3 Summary

In conclusion, there are four main components of ethics in human subjects research: compensation, medical attention, participant confidentiality, and the null hypothesis. These four components are important to consider when conducting research with human subjects.

FAQ

The ethical requirements for researchers when conducting research on human subjects include obtaining informed consent from participants, protecting participant confidentiality, and minimizing risks to participants.

In order to meet these requirements, researchers must provide potential participants with information about the study, obtain their consent to participate, and take steps to protect their confidentiality. Researchers should also design studies with minimal risks to participants and ensure that any risks are reasonable in relation to the expected benefits of the research.

Failure to adhere to ethics requirements can lead to problems with research findings and conclusions, including invalidating the results of a study or causing harm to participants. Additionally, failure to comply with ethics requirements may result in disciplinary action by an institutional review board or other oversight body.

Different cultural perspectives can impact understanding and compliance with ethics requirements in human subject research due to differing values and beliefs about what is considered acceptable behavior. For example, some cultures may view deception in research as acceptable if it is done for the greater good, while others may view it as always unacceptable.

Cite this assignment

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