The Four Main Components of Ethics in Human Subjects Research
The purpose of this research paper is to focus on the two major components of ethics in human subjects researches. These two components are: compensation and medical attention. The focus will be on how these two important factors play a role in the ethical treatment of human subjects in research. In addition, the paper will also discuss the importance of participant confidentiality and the null hypothesis in human subjects research.
1. 2 Components of Ethics in Researching Human Subjects
There are four main components of ethics in researching human subjects. These four components are: compensation, medical attention, participant confidentiality, and the null hypothesis.
1. 2.1 Compensation
One of the most important ethical considerations in human subjects research is compensation. This is because human subjects often suffer from physical or psychological pain as a result of participating in research. As such, it is important that they are compensated for their participation. Compensation can take many forms, including monetary compensation, free medical care, or even just a thank you letter from the researcher.
1. 2.2 Medical Attention
Another important ethical consideration in human subjects research is medical attention. This is because human subjects may suffer from physical or psychological injuries as a result of participating in research. As such, it is important that they have access to medical care if they need it. Medical care can take many forms, including free medical care, access to mental health services, or even just a phone call from the researcher to check on the subject’s welfare.
1. 2.3 Participant Confidentiality
Another important ethical consideration in human subjects research is participant confidentiality. This is because human subjects may be reluctant to participate in research if they feel that their personal information will be made public. As such, it is important that researchers keep the personal information of their subjects confidential. Confidentiality can be maintained in many ways, including through the use of pseudonyms, by not recording identifying information, or by destroying personal information after the research has been completed.
1. 2.4 Null Hypothesis
Another important ethical consideration in human subjects research is the null hypothesis. This is because the null hypothesis states that there is no difference between the groups being studied (e.g., control and treatment groups). As such, it is important that researchers do not manipulate their data to try and disprove the null hypothesis. Data manipulation can take many forms, including changing the data collected, cherry-picking data that supports the researcher’s hypothesis, or even conducting multiple statistical tests until a significant result is found (a practice known as “p-hacking”).
1. 3 Summary
In conclusion, there are four main components of ethics in human subjects research: compensation, medical attention, participant confidentiality, and the null hypothesis. These four components are important to consider when conducting research with human subjects.