The Earthquake in Haiti and its Effects
In this essay, I will be discussing the earthquake that hit Haiti in 2010 and its social, political, psychological, and physical effects on the country. I will also talk about how the United States responded to this natural disaster.
2. Earthquake in Haiti and its ramification
2.1 Social effects
The earthquake had many social effects on Haiti. One of the most immediate effects was the destruction of homes and displacement of people. According to the United Nations, an estimated 1.5 million people were displaced by the earthquake, with about one million of them living in temporary shelters (UN, 2010). This led to a decrease in the already low housing stock and an increase in rent prices.
The earthquake also destroyed many infrastructure and public services such as water and sanitation facilities, schools, and hospitals. This had a negative impact on the quality of life of the people of Haiti. In addition, the earthquake caused food shortages due to the destruction of crops and roads. This led to an increase in prices of food items.
The earthquake also had an impact on the Haitian economy. The country’s main export industries such as agriculture and textiles were affected by the destruction of infrastructure and loss of life. This led to a decrease in exports and an increase in imports. As a result, the country’s trade deficit increased and its currency value decreased.
The earthquake also had several political effects on Haiti. One of the most immediate effects was the removal of President Rene Preval from office. President Preval was accused of mishandling the relief efforts after the earthquake. As a result, he was replaced by Michel Martelly as the President of Haiti (BBC, 2010).
The earthquake also led to an increase in crime rates in Haiti. This was due to the displacement of people and the destruction of homes and businesses. Many criminals took advantage of the situation by looting shops and homes. In addition, there was an increase in kidnapping for ransom cases.
The earthquake also affected international relations. The United States responded to the disaster by sending troops to Haiti to help with relief efforts. This led to an improvement in relations between the two countries (MSF, 2010).
2.3 Psychological effects
The earthquake had several psychological effects on Haitians. Many people suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to the loss of loved ones and homes (Nancy, 2011). In addition, many people were suffering from depression and anxiety due to their living conditions after the earthquake.
2.4 Physical effects
The earthquake also had several physical effects on Haitians. Many people were killed or injured due to collapsed buildings or flying debris (MSF, 2010). In addition, many people suffering from diseases such as cholera due to contaminated water sources (WHO, 2010).
The earthquake in Haiti had several social, political, psychological, and physical effects on the country. The United States responded to the disaster by sending troops to help with relief efforts. This led to an improvement in relations between the two countries.
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