The Difference Between Asian and American Education Systems
The purpose of this paper is to expose the difference between Asian and American education systems as such that reflect the particularities of Asian and Euro-American mentalities. As it is known, the United States has always been a country of immigrants, which explains the great variety of cultures, races and religions that coexist within its territory. This cultural richness is also reflected in the different educational systems that exist in the country. In general, the US educational system is more flexible and diverse than the Asian one, which is usually more standardized and conformist.
2. The difference between Asian and American education systems
The main difference between the Asian and American education systems lies in their respective emphasis on academic achievement and individualism. While in Asia education is often seen as a means to achieve economic success, in the United States individualism and self-fulfillment are more valued than academic performance. This difference is reflected in the way each educational system is organized and functions.
In Asia, the educational system is generally more centralized and standardized than in the United States. For example, in China all schools must follow the same curriculum set by the government. This curriculum focuses mainly on Maths and Sciences, while Social Sciences and Humanities are secondary. In addition, students have very little free time to pursue extracurricular activities or develop other interests outside of school. Their day is mostly spent attending classes, doing homework and studying for exams.
The American education system, on the other hand, is much more decentralized and allows for greater flexibility and diversity. There is no national curriculum, so each state or school district can choose what subjects to teach and how to organize their courses. Additionally, students usually have more free time to participate in extracurricular activities or explore other interests. For example, many schools offer sports teams, clubs or other after-school programs.
3. The academic pressure cooker
The emphasis on academic achievement in Asian societies often leads to a high level of pressure on students, who are constantly under pressure to perform well at school. This pressure cooker environment can have negative consequences on students’ mental health, leading to anxiety, depression and even suicide. In recent years, there have been many reports of student suicides in countries like China, India and South Korea due to academic pressure.
Another difference between Asian and American education systems is formalism. Formalism refers to the emphasis placed on rules, procedures and hierarchy in Asia cultures. This way of thinking is reflected in the way many Asian educational institutions are organized and run. For example, teachers are usually seen as authority figures who must be respected by their students. In addition, classroom time is often spent memorizing information instead of discussing or debating ideas.
5. Academic intolerance
Asian education systems are also often characterized by academic intolerance, which refers to the idea that there is only one correct answer to any question. This way of thinking leads to a focus on rote learning, where students spend hours memorizing information instead of understanding it. This can ultimately lead to a lack of creativity and critical thinking skills.
Racism refers to discrimination based on race. In Asia, racism often manifests itself in the form of discrimination against minority groups, such as ethnic minorities or foreigners. Unfortunately, racism is also a problem in many Asian educational institutions, where minority students often face discrimination from their teachers and classmates.
In conclusion, the Asian and American education systems differ in many ways, such as their emphasis on academic achievement, formalism and racism. These differences reflect the particularities of Asian and Euro-American cultures.