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Terrorist Organizations in the Middle East and Africa

1. Introduction

The term “terrorist movement” is used to describe a group of individuals who use violence, intimidation, or the threat of violence to achieve their objectives. These objectives can be political, ideological, or religious in nature. terrorist organizations often have some sort of support from state sponsors, which can provide them with funding, training, and other resources. In some cases, the establishment of a terrorist organization is the goal of a state sponsor. For example, the Zionists who founded the Israeli state were considered terrorists by many Palestinians and other Arabs.

2. Middle East terrorist movements

There are several terrorist organizations operating in the Middle East. Some of the most notable include the Muslim Brotherhood, Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), and Hezbollah.

– 2.1 The Muslim Brotherhood

The Muslim Brotherhood is a Sunni Islamist organization that was founded in Egypt in 1928. The group’s stated goals include establishing an Islamic state and creating a Pan-Islamic caliphate. The Muslim Brotherhood has been designated as a terrorist organization by several countries, including Egypt and Saudi Arabia. The group has been involved in numerous terrorist attacks, including the assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in 1981.

– 2.2 Al-Qaeda

Al-Qaeda is a Sunni terrorist organization that was founded by Osama bin Laden in 1988. The group’s stated goals include establishing a global caliphate and overthrowing “un-Islamic” governments. Al-Qaeda has been responsible for some of the most infamous terrorist attacks in history, including the September 11th attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in 2001.

– 2.3 The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) is a Sunni terrorist organization that was founded in 1999 as Jama’at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad. The group’s stated goals include establishing an Islamic state in Iraq and Syria and eventually expanding its control to cover the entire Muslim world. ISIL has been designated as a terrorist organization by several countries, including the United States and Australia. The group has been responsible for numerous atrocities, including the execution of hostages from Western countries and the massacre of Shia Muslims in Iraq.

– 2.4 Hezbollah
Hezbollah is a Shia Islamist political party and militant group based in Lebanon. The group’s stated goal is to create an Islamic state in Lebanon governed by Sharia law. Hezbollah has been designated as a terrorist organization by several countries, including Israel, Canada, and the United States. The group has been involved in numerous terrorist attacks, including suicide bombings and kidnappings.

3. African terrorist movements

There are several terrorist organizations operating in Africa. Some of the most notable include Al-Shabaab, Boko Haram, and Ansar Dine.

– 3.1 Al-Shabaab

Al-Shabaab is a Sunni terrorist organization that was founded in Somalia in 2006. The group’s stated goals include establishing an Islamic state in Somalia and eventually expanding its control to cover the entire Horn of Africa region. Al-Shabaab has been designated as a terrorist organization by several countries, including the United States and Australia. The group has been responsible for numerous atrocities, including the execution of hostages from Western countries and the massacre of civilians in Somalia.

– 3.2 Boko Haram
Boko Haram is a Sunni terrorist organization that was founded in Nigeria in 2002. The group’s stated goal is to establish an Islamic state in Nigeria governed by Sharia law. Boko Haram has been designated as a terrorist organization by several countries, including the United States and the United Kingdom. The group has been responsible for numerous atrocities, including the kidnapping of schoolgirls and the massacre of civilians

– 3.3 Ansar Dine
Ansar Dine is a Sunni terrorist organization that was founded in Mali in 2012. The group’s stated goal is to establish an Islamic state in Mali governed by Sharia law. Ansar Dine has been designated as a terrorist organization by several countries, including the United States and France. The group has been responsible for numerous atrocities, including the destruction of ancient mosques and the massacre of civilians.

4. Conclusion

There are several terrorist organizations operating in the Middle East and Africa. These groups use violence and intimidation to achieve their objectives, which can be political, ideological, or religious in nature. terrorist organizations often have some sort of support from state sponsors, which can provide them with funding, training, and other resources. In some cases, the establishment of a terrorist organization is the goal of a state sponsor.

FAQ

The main terrorist movements in the Middle East and Africa are Al-Qaeda, Boko Haram, and ISIS.

Their goals are to create an Islamic state, overthrow the government, and spread their ideology.

They operate through bombings, kidnappings, and executions.

The people most at risk from these groups are civilians living in areas controlled by them or near their conflict zones.

To counter them, governments need to increase security measures and engage in military action against them when necessary.

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"Terrorist Organizations in the Middle East and Africa." Free Essay Samples - Accessed October 4, 2022. https://essayholic.com/terrorist-organizations-in-the-middle-east-and-africa/
"Terrorist Organizations in the Middle East and Africa." Free Essay Samples [Online]. Available: https://essayholic.com/terrorist-organizations-in-the-middle-east-and-africa/. [Accessed: October 4, 2022]

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