The Importance of the Public Domain

The essay discusses the importance of the public domain and how it has declined over time. It argues that the public domain is still important and can be revived by making it more visible and accessible.

The History and Transformation of Makkah

Makkah is a holy city located in Saudi Arabia. It is the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad and the site of the Masjid al-Haram, the holiest site in Islam. Muslims from all over the world come to Makkah to perform the Hajj pilgrimage at least once in their lifetime. The city has undergone significant changes over its long history, but it remains an important center of Islamic pilgrimage and an iconic symbol of Arab culture and tradition.

Wind and Architecture: Design

This essay looks at eight different architects who have been asked to design projects that take the movement of wind into account. Each architect has approached the task in a different way, depending on the location of their project and the specific needs of their client.

The Scopic Regime of the Panopticon and Other Modern Buildings

In his essay “Architecture and Power”, Hirst discusses how the physical structure of buildings can be used to disseminate power through vision. He uses the panopticon as a prime example of how this works, and also discusses how other buildings such as the White House and UN Headquarters use similar techniques.

The History of Ellis Island

This essay discusses the history of Ellis Island, the immigration process, the Ellis Island experience, and the impacts of Ellis Island.

The Impact of the Carolingian Empire on the Early Middle Ages

The essay discusses the Carolingian Empire and how its traditions helped shape the Early Middle Ages. It describes Charlemagne’s efforts to promote education and standardize writing and language, as well as the impact of the Carolingian Renaissance on architecture.