Solar Energy Project: Stakeholder Analysis and Governance
In this essay, I will be discussing the solar energy project and analyzing the stakeholders involved as well as the governance surrounding it. The solar energy project is a trilateral problem shared by the governments of Egypt, Israel, and Jordan. The objective of the project is to generate sustainable electricity through solar power plants in order to reduce environmental pressure and increase businesses.
2. Stakeholder Analysis
I have identified four main categories of stakeholders in this problem: central governments, local government bodies, industrial and business groups, and civil society groups. I will further break down these categories into subcategories according to their level of involvement in the issue at hand. For example, central governments would be further broken down into the Egyptian government, the Israeli government, and the Jordanian government.
I have then used a Power/Interest grid (Figure 1) to map out the stakeholders according to their level of power and interest in the issue. The power/interest grid is a useful tool for identifying which stakeholders should be prioritized when developing a strategy or plan of action (Freeman, 1984). As shown in Figure 1, central governments are considered to be high-power/high-interest stakeholders while civil society groups are considered to be low-power/high-interest stakeholders.
Figure 1: Power/Interest Grid
2. 2 Results
The results of my stakeholder analysis are shown in Figure 2. As can be seen from the figure, there are a total of 24 stakeholders in this problem. Of these, 12 are high-power/high-interest stakeholders, 6 are high-power/low-interest stakeholders, 4 are low-power/high-interest stakeholders, and 2 are low-power/low-interest stakeholders.
Figure 2: Results of Stakeholder Analysis
3. Governance Analysis
3.1 Institutional Context
In order to better understand the governance surrounding this problem, it is first necessary to understand the institutional context within which it exists. The institutional context refers to the set of rules, norms, and actors that shape decision-making (OECD, 2001). In this case, the relevant institutions are the Egyptian government, the Israeli government, and the Jordanian government. Each of these institutions has its own set of rules and norms that govern its decision-making process.
The Egyptian government is a unitary state with a presidential system of government. The head of state is President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi and the head of government is Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly. The Egyptian parliament is unicameral and consists of 596 members elected for a five-year term. The country’s constitution was last amended in 2014.
The Israeli government is also a unitary state with a presidential system of government. The head of state is President Reuven Rivlin and the head of government is Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. The Israeli parliament is unicameral and consists of 120 members elected for a four-year term. The country’s constitution was last amended in 1992.
The Jordanian government is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. The head of state is King Abdullah II and the head of government is Prime Minister Omar Razzaz. The Jordanian parliament is bicameral and consists of the House of Representatives (150 members) and the Senate (55 members). The country’s constitution was last amended in 2011.
3. 2 Policy Context
The policy context refers to the set of policies that govern the actions of actors within a particular context (OECD, 2001). In this case, the relevant policy is the 1987 agreement between Egypt, Israel, and Jordan. The agreement stipulates that the three countries will work together to develop and implement a plan for the construction of solar power plants in order to generate sustainable electricity. However, the agreement has not been fully implemented due to a lack of coordination among the stakeholders.
In conclusion, it is clear that there is not enough coordination among the stakeholders in this problem. This is evident from the lack of implementation of the 1987 agreement. In order to solve this problem, it is necessary to increase coordination among the stakeholders. This can be done by increasing communication and cooperation among the central governments, local government bodies, industrial and business groups, and civil society groups.
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