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Infectious Diseases: A Leading Cause of Death Worldwide

1. Introduction:

Infectious diseases are those that spread extremely fast and are responsible for most deaths in the world. They have been a leading cause of death for centuries and continue to be so. Infectious diseases can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. They can be spread through the air, water, food, or contact with contaminated surfaces. Some of the most deadly and widespread infectious diseases include tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and cholera.

2. What are infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites that can infect a person and make them ill. These microorganisms can spread through the air, water, food, or contact with contaminated surfaces. Some infectious diseases like colds and flu are relatively mild, while others like Ebola and HIV can be deadly.

3. The scope of the problem:

Infectious diseases are a leading cause of death worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), they were responsible for an estimated 14 million deaths in 2016 – nearly one-quarter of all deaths globally. Infectious diseases don’t just kill; they also cause illness and disability. In 2015, WHO estimates that there were 1.7 billion cases of acute respiratory infections (ARI) such as pneumonia, which resulted in 535 000 deaths – mostly in children under 5 years old. Other common infectious diseases include diarrheal diseases (such as cholera and rotavirus), tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and polio. These diseases disproportionately affect low- and middle-income countries; in fact, almost 90% of all deaths from infectious diseases occur in Africa and Asia.

4. Infectious diseases and social and economic disruptions:

Infectious diseases not only cause death and suffering but also have far-reaching social and economic consequences. When people get sick with an infectious disease, they often have to miss work or school, which can lead to lost productivity and income. In addition, caring for someone who is sick can place a financial burden on families and communities. Moreover, outbreaks of infectious disease can cause panic and fear, leading to social unrest. For example, the 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa resulted in widespread panic and led to economic disruptions as people avoided going to work or travelling to affected areas. The outbreak also strained health systems as hospitals were overwhelmed with patients and had to ration care due to a lack of supplies.

5. Awareness and strengthening of health care systems:

Awareness about infectious diseases is critical to preventing their spread and mitigating their impact. For example, knowing the symptoms of an infectious disease can help people seek medical attention early on, when treatment is more likely to be effective. It’s also important for people to know how to protect themselves from getting sick in the first place; for instance, by practicing good hygiene (such as washing hands regularly) or getting vaccinated against preventable illnesses. Finally, strengthening health care systems is essential for responding effectively to outbreaks of infectious disease. This includes having adequate supplies of medicines and personal protective equipment (PPE), as well as trained staff who can provide care safely without risking infection themselves.

6. Conclusion:

Infectious diseases are a leading cause of death worldwide; however, many of these deaths

FAQ

The most common infectious diseases are colds, flu, and stomach viruses.

These diseases spread through contact with respiratory secretions, contaminated food or water, or contact with an infected person.

The symptoms of these diseases can include fever, chills, body aches, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

These diseases can be prevented by washing hands often, avoiding close contact with sick people, and getting vaccinated against the flu.

The treatments for these diseases include rest and fluids to help relieve symptoms. Some people may also need antiviral medication to treat the flu.

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Free Essay Samples (August 16, 2022) Infectious Diseases: A Leading Cause of Death Worldwide. Retrieved from https://essayholic.com/infectious-diseases-a-leading-cause-of-death-worldwide/.
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