Augustus Caesar: The Restorer Of Peace In Rome
1. Augustus Caesar: The Restorer Of Peace In Rome
Augustus Caesar is one of the most popular rulers known in the history of the world. He was the first emperor of Rome and ruled for over 40 years. The Roman Empire had suffered civil wars for over a century but Caesar managed to restore peace. Augustus is also known for his many moral, religious, literary, and social reforms. He was a great builder and improved the infrastructure of Rome with new coins, highways, and postal service.
Augustus was born on September 23rd, 63 BC in Rome. His father, Gaius Octavius, was a senator and his mother, Atia, was the niece of Julius Caesar. Augustus grew up in a wealthy and influential family. He was educated by the best teachers in Rome and Greece. Augustus became interested in politics at a young age and he joined Julius Caesar’s army when he was only 19 years old.
After the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC, Augustus became one of the most powerful men in Rome. He formed an alliance with Mark Antony and Lepidus called the Second Triumvirate. The three men ruled Rome together until Lepidus was exiled in 36 BC. Augustus and Antony then fought a civil war against each other until 31 BC when Augustus emerged victorious. Antony committed suicide after his defeat and Cleopatra, his Egyptian queen, followed him soon after.
With Antony and Cleopatra out of the picture, Augustus became the sole ruler of Rome. He ruled as an autocrat but he was careful to maintain the appearance of being a republican leader. Augustus liked topresent himself as a moral man and he passed laws that reflected his conservative values. He reformed the divorce laws, made adultery a crime, and tightened up the punishment for prostitution. Augustus also tried to revive traditional Roman religion by building new temples and instituting annual religious festivals.
In addition to his moral and religious reforms, Augustus also contributed to literature and social reform. He patronized many writers including Virgil, Horace, Livy, and Ovid. Under Augustus’ rule, Virgil wrote The Aeneid, Horace wrote his Odes, Livy wrote his History of Rome, and Ovid wrote his Metamorphoses. These works are still studied and admired today. Augustus also improved the lives of Everyday Romans with new public buildings and parks, improved streets and sewers, and free grain for the poor.
Finally, Augustus made improvements to the infrastructure of Rome with new coins, highways,and postal service. He minted a new currency called the denarius which helped stabilizethe economy. Augustus also built over 53000 miles (85000 kilometers) of roads crisscrossingthe empire so that troops could be moved quickly to quell rebellions or fight invaders. Andhe established a system of posthouses where travelers could rest and horses could bechanged so that messages could be delivered quickly throughout the empire.
Augustus was a great ruler and he left a lasting legacy. He restored peace to Rome after years of civil war, improved the lives of everyday citizens, and made infrastructure improvements that helped the empire function more efficiently. Augustus was truly the first emperor of Rome and he set the stage for the next 400 years of Roman history.
Cite this assignment
More Related papers
- The Impact of Stress, Punishment, and Belief on My Life
- The Advantages and Disadvantages of Setting Ground Rules with Students
- Thurstone's Contributions to the Study of Intelligence
- Vietnam's International Relations: An Analysis of Key Factors
- Designing for a Global Market: The Influence of Marc Jacobs and Judy Cornish