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A Comparison of Hellenic and Hellenistic Civilizations

1. Intro

The historical observation of the Hellenic and Hellenistic civilizations is compared in their belonging to Greek possessions. These periods gave mankind a lot of philosophers.

2. What is Hellenic civilization?

The term “Hellenic” designates the period in ancient Greek history from the time of Homer (8th century BC) until the death of Alexander the Great (323 BC). The adjective “Hellenic” is commonly used to refer to things related to Greece or Greek culture.

Ancient Greece was not a single country, but a group of small countries with their own governments and laws. The Greeks had their own language and religion. The word “Hellenic” comes from the name of one of these countries, Macedonia.

The period known as the Hellenic Age began with the colonisation of southern Italy and Sicily by the Greeks in the 8th century BC. It ended with the death of Alexander the Great and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.

During the Hellenic Age, Greek culture was at its peak. This was the period when great philosophers such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle lived and worked. It was also a time of political turmoil, as different city-states fought for power.

3. What is Hellenistic civilization?

The term “Hellenistic” refers to the period following the death of Alexander the Great, when Greek culture spread throughout the Mediterranean world.

The Hellenistic period began in 323 BC, after Alexander’s death, and ended in 31 BC with the Battle of Actium, which marked the end of the Roman Republic.

During this time, Greek culture mingled with that of other cultures, including Persian, Egyptian and Indian. This resulted in a new kind of culture, which historians call “cosmopolitan”.
The most important legacy of the Hellenistic period is its art, which combined elements from both Greek and Eastern cultures. One famous example is the statue of Athena Parthenos, which was created by Phidias using both Greek and Eastern traditions (see image below).
Other examples include statues of Apollo with an Egyptian uraeus on his brow, and Dionysus with Indian elephants.
The Hellenistic period was also a time of great philosophical activity. Some of the most important philosophers were Stoics, Epicureans and Cynics.
In terms of politics, this was a time of great change. After Alexander’s death, his empire was divided into several parts, each ruled by a different ruler. This led to a period of instability and conflict, known as the Wars of the Diadochi.
In conclusion, the Hellenistic period was a time of great change for Greek culture. It was during this time that Greek art became more cosmopolitan, and philosophy reached its peak.

4. Historical observation of the Hellenic and Hellenistic civilizations

The historical observation of the Hellenic and Hellenistic civilizations is compared in their belonging to Greek possessions. These periods gave mankind a lot of philosophers.

The term “Hellenic” designates the period in ancient Greek history from the time of Homer (8th century BC) until the death of Alexander the Great (323 BC). The adjective “Hellenic” is commonly used to refer to things related to Greece or Greek culture.

Ancient Greece was not a single country, but a group of small countries with their own governments and laws. The Greeks had their own language and religion. The word “Hellenic” comes from the name of one of these countries, Macedonia.

The period known as the Hellenic Age began with the colonisation of southern Italy and Sicily by the Greeks in the 8th century BC. It ended with the death of Alexander the Great and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.

During the Hellenic Age, Greek culture was at its peak. This was the period when great philosophers such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle lived and worked. It was also a time of political turmoil, as different city-states fought for power.

The term “Hellenistic” refers to the period following the death of Alexander the Great, when Greek culture spread throughout the Mediterranean world.

The Hellenistic period began in 323 BC, after Alexander’s death, and ended in 31 BC with the Battle of Actium, which marked the end of the Roman Republic.

During this time, Greek culture mingled with that of other cultures, including Persian, Egyptian and Indian. This resulted in a new kind of culture, which historians call “cosmopolitan”.
The most important legacy of the Hellenistic period is its art, which combined elements from both Greek and Eastern cultures. One famous example is the statue of Athena Parthenos, which was created by Phidias using both Greek and Eastern traditions (see image below).
Other examples include statues of Apollo with an Egyptian uraeus on his brow, and Dionysus with Indian elephants. The Hellenistic period was also a time of great philosophical activity. Some of the most important philosophers were Stoics, Epicureans and Cynics.
In terms of politics, this was a time of great change. After Alexander’s death, his empire was divided into several parts, each ruled by a different ruler. This led to a period of instability and conflict, known as the Wars of the Diadochi.
In conclusion, the Hellenistic period was a time of great change for Greek culture. It was during this time that Greek art became more cosmopolitan, and philosophy reached its peak.

5. Conclusion

In conclusion, the historical observation of the Hellenic and Hellenistic civilizations is compared in their belonging to Greek possessions. These periods gave mankind a lot of philosophers. The term “Hellenic” designates the period in ancient Greek history from the time of Homer (8th century BC) until the death of Alexander the Great (323 BC). The adjective “Hellenic” is commonly used to refer to things related to Greece or Greek culture. The term “Hellenistic” refers to the period following the death of Alexander the Great, when Greek culture spread throughout the Mediterranean world.

FAQ

The main differences between Hellenic society and Hellenistic civilization were the latter's greater emphasis on cosmopolitanism and cultural synthesis.

Alexander's conquests resulted in the spread of Greek culture throughout the Mediterranean world, which had a profound impact on the development of Hellenistic civilization.

The most important aspects of Hellenistic culture were its philosophy, literature, art, and science.

The rise of Rome led to the decline of Hellenism, as the Romans adopted much of Greek culture for their own.

Hellenistic civilization left a lasting legacy on Western civilization, particularly in the areas of art, literature, and philosophy.

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